Quarterly: Issue No 98
Rabius Saani 1442 – November 2020
BASIC BELIEFS (AQAA-ID) OF ISLAM
In the name of Allah, Most
Compassionate, Most Merciful.
All praise belongs to Allah. Peace
and Blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad, his family and all his
Firstly, it is important to
understand that not everything described ‘as being part of Islam Creed’
(AQEEDAH) is of primary nature and necessary for us to know in order to be a
Muslim. Many matters of belief – that people often debate and argue about – are
considered ‘secondary’ and not part of the fundamental and decisive beliefs
(AQAA-ID) of Islam. As such, if a Muslim does not know of them, there is no
defect in his or her Imaan.
Secondly, all the various issues
of belief are not of the same level. Rather, some are established by
decisive (QAT-EE) texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah, some are established by
probable (ZANNEE) texts, and some others are established by the statements of
the great early scholars who used sound analogical deduction from the sacred
texts. As such, they are not all of the same level. Rather, their levels
differ according to how they are established, and due to the differences in
their levels, their rulings also differ.
Denying a matter established by a
decisive text is considered disbelief, for example the Finality of Prophethood;
denying a matter established by a non-decisive/probable text is not declared as
disbelief but rather deviation, such as completely denying the life of Prophets
after their departing this world. At times, it is merely considered as
departing from the correct methodology followed by mainstream Muslims such as
not following one of the four schools of Islamic Law for a non-Mujtahid, and so
on. As such, it is important not to place all the AQEEDAH related matters into
Keeping the above principles in
mind, here below is a list of Basic Matters of belief. Let us keep them as
concise and simple as possible, without delving into the details. The objective
here is to present a set of beliefs (AQAA-ID) for the average Muslim who does
not want to get embroiled into debates resulting in huge conflicts and
1) Allah Most High is the One and
Only God – without any partner, equal, parent, child, aide, assistant or
advisor. He is One in His Self/Essence (DHAAT), Attributes (SIFAAT) and Actions
2) Allah Most High alone is the
Lord responsible for everything such as creating, controlling, managing,
sustaining, benefitting, harming, curing, and He alone is worthy of our
worship, supplications and prayers.
3) Allah Most High – with all His
Attributes – is Beginning-less and Eternal, i.e. there is no beginning and end
to His Existence.
4) Allah Most High is
characterized with all Attributes (SIFAAT) of Perfection and is absolutely free
from all attributes of imperfection.
5) Allah Most High does not
resemble His creation in any way, and nothing from His creation bears any
similarity to Him.
6) Allah Most High is Independent
and not in need of anyone or anything, and everyone and everything is dependent
on Him. This includes time and space, since He is not in need of them or
confined to them.
7) No creation – be it a Prophet,
angel, saint or any pious person – is even close to being equal to Allah Most
High in any of His Attributes. He has more power, control and knowledge than
any of His creation.
8) All the Prophets and Messengers
sent by Allah – the 25 mentioned in the Qur’an, as well as others not mentioned
– are righteous men and servants of Allah and were sent to guide mankind.
9) All the Prophets and Messengers
are infallible/sinless (MA’SOOM), truthful, blessed with good judgement, and
duly conveyed the message they were sent with by Allah Most High.
10) Our Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam – Peace and Blessings of Allah be
on him) is the master and leader (SAYYID) of all the other Prophets, and the
best of creation. Despite this lofty position, he remains a slave (‘ABD) of
11) Our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was
given the most knowledge, more than anyone else including the other Prophets.
Allah granted him knowledge regarding many matters of the unseen (GHAIB) – such
as the occurrences of the hereafter (AAKHIRAH) – but his knowledge is still
considered a drop in the ocean with regards to Allah’s knowledge.
12) Our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is the
Final Prophet sent by Allah (KHAATAMUL AMBIYAA). There is no prophet – in
any way, shape or form – to come after him. Any claim to prophethood
after him is to be rejected, and anyone who refuses to accept him as the Final
Prophet leaves the fold of Islam completely. It is disbelief (KUFR) to believe
that a new Prophet can come after Muhammad (SAW) with a new Revelation.
13) The Prophets of Allah possess
a type of life after their departing from this world, meaning the connection of
their souls to their bodies is stronger than the connection of normal people’s
souls to their body. However, the exact details of this ‘life’ and ‘connection
of the soul to the body’ is only known by Allah Most High.
14) The angels are noble beings
created by Allah from light (NOOR). They are constantly in the worship of Allah
and have been given various tasks such as coming with revelation, taking away
souls, recording deeds, and much more. They do not sin and have the ability to
take various forms and accomplish difficult tasks. They should not be described
as male or female.
15) All the books and scriptures
(SUHUF) revealed to the various Prophets, in their original forms, are true.
This includes the four primary books: ZABOOR, TAWRAAT, INJEEL, and the Noble
16) The entire Qur’an revealed to
our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is the true Word/Speech of Allah Most High.
Rejecting or denying even one verse, word or letter of the Qur’an constitutes
17) There is Resurrection/Life
after Death, Recompense of deeds on the Day of Judgement, and Reckoning in the
Hereafter – and that Paradise and Hellfire exist and have been created.
18) Allah Most High has
predetermined everything, and everything – be it good or evil – occurs by
Allah’s Will. At the same time, we have free-will, and are accountable
for our own actions. How we reconcile these two is only in Allah’s
19) All the Companions (AS-HAAB)
of Allah’s Messenger Muhammad (SAW) – which includes members of his family –
are the most noble of people after the Prophets. They are all forgiven by Allah
for any mistake they may have committed; and Allah is pleased with them and
they are pleased with Allah. Loving them is part of Imaan and hating them is
transgression against Imaan.
20) All the pious servants of
Allah, saints, scholars of hadith and jurists are to be respected and loved for
the sake of Allah. May Allah shower His
Mercy on them all.
For a detailed list and analysis
of the Islamic Creed, download your own copy of “Al-Aqidah
al-Tahawiyyah” from the following website: Al-Aqidah
al-Tahawiyyah – Jamiatul Ulama KZN
Allah! Your Forgiveness is far greater than my sins and I have more hope in
Your Mercy than in my own deeds.
Abdul Haq Abdul Kadir