Quarterly: Issue No 91
Rajab 1440 – March 2019
THE DECREE OF ALLAH
Allah (Glorified be He, the Most High) says:
“Say: ‘Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us; He is our Protector. And upon Allah let the believers rely.’” (Surah at-Tawbah: Chapter 9: Verse 51)
“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters.” (Surah al-Hadeed: Chapter 57: Verses 22,23)
Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA) said:
“I was behind the Messenger of Allah (SAW) one day when he said: ‘O boy! I will teach you a statement: Be mindful of Allah and He will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him before you. When you ask, ask Allah, and when you seek aid, seek Allah's aid. Know that if the entire creation were to gather together to do something to benefit you- you would never get any benefit except that Allah had written for you. And if they were to gather to do something to harm you- you would never be harmed except that Allah had written for you. The pens are lifted and the pages are dried.’” (Jami’ at-Tirmidhi)
From the above, we note that Allah has decreed whatever is happening on earth and in our lives. This realization should comfort us that the administration of the whole universe is in the Hands of the Allah Almighty, and our responsibility is only to lead life as He has directed us to. Complete trust in Allah is the most important aspect of our Faith. Obedience to Allah should follow this trust. Regret about what we missed of fortune is pointless, because if it had been destined for us, we would not have missed it. Complaining about the situation or experience intended for us, however disagreeable, is also futile, for we could not have escaped it whatever we might have done to avoid it.
Whatever good man gets and whatever hardship he suffers in the world, are all pre-ordained by Allah. A true believer is he who does not lose heart in affliction and is not puffed up with pride in good times. It is the character of a hypocrite and disbeliever that he is puffed up with pride when Allah favours him with His blessings, behaves boastfully and shows stinginess when called upon to spend in the cause of the same God Who blessed him, and also directs others to be stingy like himself. Pride is a vice that Allah wants us to discard.
We should not be misled by our understanding that our intelligence and efforts in itself made us worthy of our good fortune.
Supplications (Du’a) should be offered to Allah Alone, because all final decisions are in His Hands.
THE BLESSED MONTH OF RAMADAAN
Fasting the 9th lunar month of Ramadan is one of the FIVE great pillars of Islam. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Al-Bukhari). Influence of the devils on the believers who obey Allah is diminished during Ramadan. Our beloved Prophet (SAW) also said: “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the Heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.” (Al-Bukhari)
The first verses of the Quran (Surah Al-Alaq: Chapter 96: Verses 1-5) were revealed in this blessed month of Ramadan. When the fast of Ramadan was made compulsory, the Angel Jibreel used to sit with our beloved Prophet (SAW) every day during the month of Ramadan so that the Prophet could recite all that had been revealed so far of the Qur’an. In his final year, the Prophet (SAW) recited the entire Qur’an twice in Ramadan.
Muslims continue the tradition of reading the entire Qur’an at least once during Ramadan. In Muslim countries, it is not at all unusual in this month to see many people reading the Qur’an while riding the bus or metro to and from work. Others find time early in the morning, late at night, or at intervals throughout the day to do so.
Many others read or recite the Qur’an during Tarawih Prayers, which are held during the late-night prayers in congregation or individually at home. Muslims, who cannot yet read Arabic well, spend some time each day listening to lectures on the Qur’an on CDs. Muslims consider Ramadan to be a good time to get into the habit of reading at least some of the Qur’an and its translation every day. If they haven’t read either of them from cover to cover, Ramadan is the time to do it.
Fasting means abstaining not only from food and drink, but also from sexual intercourse, lying, arguing and back-biting. While fasting, Muslims must be careful to restrain their tongues, temper and even their glances that lead them towards adultery. Ramadan is the time for Muslims to learn to control themselves and to develop their spiritual inner side.
Basically, Muslims try to have a pre-dawn Sunnah meal, known as ‘Suhoor’, before they begin fasting. The fast basically lasts from dawn to sunset. As soon as the sun has set, Muslims break their fast without delay. Generally, Muslims may break their fast with a small amount of food – the sunnah is to do so with an odd number of dates – and then perform the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer before eating a full meal.
Ramadan is also the month of charity. Our beloved Prophet (SAW) said:
“Whoever draws nearer (to Allah) by performing any of the (optional) good deeds in (this month), shall receive the same reward as performing an obligatory deed at any other time; and whoever performs an obligatory deed in Ramadan shall receive the reward of performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of patience, and the reward of patience is Paradise.
It is the month of charity, and a month in which a believer’s sustenance is increased. Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast shall have his sins forgiven, and he will be saved from the Hell-Fire, and he shall have the same reward as the fasting person, without his reward being diminished at all.” (Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah)
Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA), one of the Prophet’s Companions, narrated: “The Prophet was the most generous amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Jibreel visited him, and Jibreel used to meet him on every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet used to recite the Qur’an to Jibreel. When Jibreel met him, he used to be more generous than a fast wind (which causes rain and welfare).” (Al-Bukhari)
The last ten days of Ramadan are the holiest of all, and Muslims try their best to make even greater efforts at that time to increase their worship of Allah Almighty. The holiest night of all, Lailatul Qadr, falls on one of the odd numbered nights of the last ten days.
Therefore, one of the main ways in which Allah eradicates and deletes our sins and wrong doings is by multiplying our deeds in the month of Ramadaan, and erases our sins because the hasanaat (good deeds) eliminates the sayyi’aat (bad deeds).
May Allah wipe out - by the light of His Rahmah - all our past sins, and may He make all of us among His servants who receive the glad tidings of Forgiveness and Jannah. Ameen.
O Allah! Your Forgiveness is far greater than my sins and I have more hope in Your Mercy than in my own deeds.
Requesting your duas!
Abdul Haq Abdul Kadir