REFLECTIONS

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Quarterly: Issue No 54

Rabi-us-Saani 1431

 

LAST WORDS of our Noble Prophet

 

There are many reports and comments about the last few days of the life of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and what he said during his illness. The important utterances of the Prophet’s final words comes from the fact that he was so keen that his followers should maintain their implementation of Islam as best as they can.  He loved people to be good Muslims, because he cared for every human being.  He knew that by being a good Muslim, a human being opens up his way to Jannah.  His final words are indicative of the most important duties of Islam.  Let us consider this Hadith which is reported by Ali ibn Talib, the Prophet’s cousin who heard his last words.  Ali says:

‘When illness weighed down heavily on the Messenger of Allah, he said to me: “Ali, bring me a sheet and write down in it what makes sure that my followers will never go astray.” Fearing that he might depart from us before I could bring the sheet, I said that I will keep in memory whatever he wanted to say.  The Prophet’s head was between his arm and mine. He urged us to establish our salaah, pay our zakaah and be kind to our slaves and servants.  He repeated these words until his soul departed.  He also commanded us to declare that there is no deity besides Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.  He said that whoever believes in that is immune from the Fire of Hell.’

(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ahmad)

 

The first thing to be noted in this Hadith is that the Prophet wanted to have something written down that would ensure that his follows would never go astray.  What he has subsequently stated, however, was merely reminders of the basic teachings of Islam.  The Prophet urged us to establish our salaah and pay our zakaah without fail which is quite understandable.  These are the two pillars of Islam which uphold the Islamic well-being of the individual and the community.  Moreover, they are the source of everything good in society.  A person who neglects his salaah will find it very easy to neglect lesser duties of Islam.  Similarly, a person who fails to pay his zakaah deprives his beneficiaries of their dues.  He is then guilty of injustice.

Furthermore, the Prophet continued to command us to be kind to the weakest group in society i.e. the slaves.  This command applies to every weak section of people in society.

 

The last part of the Hadith stresses the importance of the declaration of the belief in One God and in the final revealed message of God through Prophet Muhammad.  The Prophet says that whoever makes the declaration of Kalimah Tayyibah is immune from the Fire of Hell.  That certain punishment has been decreed for certain sins do not contradict this rule.  The two are mutually exclusive.  No one says that a believer does not need to do his duties or refrain from all forbidden practices.  What we say is that this declaration of Tawheed and Risaalah ensures one’s admission to Jannah if it is one’s final decalaration made consciously and sincerely just before one’s death.  The reason for this is that even at the time of death, his thoughts turn towards his Creator declaring his belief in Allah’s Oneness.  He goes towards his Creator with an open heart and mind, free from associating partners with Him.  Allah has made it clear in numerous verses of the Glorious Quran that He would never turn back anyone who comes towards Him, believing in Him, consciously and sincerely.  Even at the last minute of one’s life, full forgiveness is possible.  This is due to Allah’s grace which is limitless.  Anyone who wants to impose limits and conditions on Allah’s Grace and Mercy is wrong and ill-advised.

 

POLYGAMY:  A right or a privilege?

 

The polygamy option is meant to provide a solution for some social problems.  This would have more difficult or unwelcome results unless such a possibility existed.  Take the example of a wife who is suffering from a chronic illness that limits her ability to fulfill her tasks in the normal way.  Her husband does not like to divorce her as she is dear to him and he cares for her welfare.  Moreover, divorce would put her in a more difficult position.  He wants to retain their marital relationship but there may be compelling reasons which require the presence of another woman so that the family could function in a better way.  This is particularly true when the family includes young children whose mother cannot provide for all their needs.  There are numerous other situations where a second marriage seems to be a better solution to family problems. 

However, men sometimes have a totally different view of this option which Islam allows.  People often speak of a man’s right to marry more than one wife, despite the fact that all texts that speak of it in the Quran and Hadith stress that it is something that should be approached with caution.  People also speak of marrying a second wife as a Sunnah.  This is also proved to be wrong as it is clearly seen in the Prophet’s attitude when his son-in-law Ali wanted to marry a second woman.  The Prophet went to him and said: “No woman may be taken as a wife together with the daughter of Allah’s messenger.”  If such a marriage was a Sunnah, or if there was a preference for it, the Prophet would not have prevented anyone from fulfilling it, particularly in a society where polygamy was the norm.

 

VATICAN on Jerusalem’s holy sites

 

At a meeting with Egyptain President Hosni Mubarak, the Vatican Foreign Minister Jean-Louis Tauran said:

“It is clear that there will not be peace as long as the problem of the holy sites and places of worship in Jerusalem is not resolved.  The Vatican believes that it is essential to ensure that these sites do not belong to any party but are available to the whole world.”

In September 1998, the Arab League called on the Vatican to provide clarification on an agreement signed between Israel and the Vatican late last year to formalize the status of the Roman Catholic Church in the Jewish state.  The Vatican said that it does NOT recognize Israel’s annexation of East Jerusalem, and has confirmed that the agreement it signed with Israel does not concern Jerusalem, for which it wants international protection.

 

MAULANA ABDUL KADIR SAHIB (Rahimahullah)

 

Maulana Muhammad Abdul Kadir (Rahimahullah) was born in Sea Cow Lake, Durban, South Africa on 20 April 1904 in a very poor home.  He lost his parents at an early age.  His early youth was spent at the Soofie Saheb Madressa in Riverside where he attained his preliminary Islamic Education.  Under the great care and guidance of the elder son of Hazrath Soofie Saheb (rahmatullahi alaih), he had attained a very good and firm Islamic education including Urdu and Persian.  As a result of his great achievements in Islamic knowledge at the  Soofie Saheb Madressa, he was sent to India to further pursue his Islamic education for an Alim Faadil Course.

He studied initially at Madrasah Mazaahirul Uloom in Saharanpur, UP and thereafter at Madrasah Ameeniyyah in Delhi under the great supervision of the Grand Mufti of India at that time, Mufti Kifaayatullah Sahib (rahmatullahi alaih) and world famous muhaddith and scholar Allama Anwar Shah  Sahib Kashmiri (rahmatullahi alaih). He also attended every single lesson (dar-s) of Sahih Al-Bukhari given by Shah Sahib himself.  He memorized the Glorious Quran at the age of fifteen.  In total, he spent 11 years in Delhi and qualified as an Alim in 1930.  Amongst his many other scholars from whom he acquired his Islamic education in Tafseer and Hadith were: Allamah Shabeer Ahmad Uthmani and Mufti Azizur Rahman Sahib. Among his fellow student companions were: Shaikh-ul-Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya and Maulana Yusuf Binnori Sahib.  May Allah shower his choicest mercy upon them all.  During his study period in India, he learnt many languages.  Amongst the languages he knew well and was very conversant with were:  Arabic, Urdu, Persian, Gujerati and Hindi.  After his graduation as an Alim, he also spent a year at the great Al-Azhar University in Cairo and achieved the highest diploma in Arabic language.

During his years of study in Delhi, he made bay’at at the hands of Maulana Karamatullah Khan Sahib and entered the Chistiyyah-Sabiriyyah, Qadiriyyah, Imdadiyyah Silsila (Spiritual Order).  He studied the writings of Sayyiduna Shaikh Abdul Kadir Jeelani (rahmatullahi alaih) in great depth and always spoke to people about the Shaikh’s spiritual teachings.  During his third hajj in 1968, he made bay’at at the hands of Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Naqshabandi in Madinah Munawwarah and was then brought into the fold of the Naqshabandi Silsila (Spiritual Order).  He was a great lover and follower of the Mathnavi of Maulana Rumi (rahmatullahi alaih).  To really get to grips with the true spirit of Islam, he always advised people to have a copy of three Shareefs i.e. Quran Shareef, Bukhari Shareef and Mathnavi Shareef.

He loved travelling to Islamic historical places in the Middle East and greatly explored Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Syria and Turkey.  In total, he made 5 hajj and 7 umras.  May Allah accept from him all his Hajj and Umras.  Ameen.

He served the Muslim Communities in the following areas in Natal:  Stanger, Verulam, May Street, Chatsworth and Sydenham.  The longest period of his service was at Sparks Road Musjid, Sydenham, where he spent 27 years of his life.  He had never ever thought of any Muslim as a non-believer, no matter how sinful a Muslim was, and was very critical of those who gave Muslims titles such as Kaafir, Mushrik, Be-deen, Bid’atee and Murtad.  He always advised people to control their tongue as such acts could well go against themselves.

Al-Hajj Maulana Abdul Kadir left us all for his final journey to his Most Merciful Rabb on the night of Saturday 30 Rabi-us-Saani 1419 (22 August 1998) at the age of 95 (Islamic 98).   A very huge crowd of people performed his Janazah Salaah which was held at the Grey Street Musjid in Central Durban and was led by his noble son, Hafiz Abdul Khaliq.  He was put to rest in the Flower Road Muslim Cemetry in Clairwood, Durban.  May Allah shower his choicest blessings and mercy upon him and make his abode in Jannatul Firdaus. Ameen!

 

THE PROPHETIC SAYING

 

Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

By Him (Allah) in Who Hand is my soul, you will NEVER enter Jannah until you have faith (Imaan), and you will NEVER have faith (Imaan) until you love one another.  Shall I teach you of something which, were you to do it, would cause you to love one another?  It is to greet people when you meet them.  (Authentic Hadith Narrated by Abu Hurairah in Muslim)