Quarterly: Issue No 34
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Download your FREE copy of the detailed tafseer of Surah Yaseen in PDF format (810Kb) in multi colour with Arabic texts. Other chapters will follow soon, insha Allah.
KNOWLEDGE & HUMILITY
Shaikh Al-Imam adh-Dhahabee (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) said: “Whosoever seeks knowledge for actions, then his knowledge makes him humble and fearful, and causes him to weep at (the deficiencies in) himself. But whosoever seeks knowledge for the sake of merely teaching, giving verdicts, in order to brag, or to show-off; becomes foolish, arrogant and looks down in contempt at the people, and is destroyed by his pride, and the people hate him.” Allah says: "Truly he succeeds who purifies his soul, and he fails who corrupts it." (Surah ash-Shams 99:4-5), meaning that it is corrupted with sin and disobedience.
MAJOR EFFECTS OF SINNING
The following, generally, are some of the dire consequences of committing sins as expounded by the Noble Quran and Ahadith.
One: Prevention of Knowledge:Knowledge is a light which Allah throws into the heart, and disobedience extinguishes this light. Imam Shafi'i (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) said: I complained to Wakee’ about the weakness of my memory so he ordered me to abandon disobedience and informed me that knowledge is light and that the light of Allah is not given to the disobedient.
Two: Prevention of Sustenance (Rizq): Just as Taqwa brings about sustenance, the abandonment of Taqwa causes poverty. There is nothing that can bring blessings in your sustenance like the abandonment of sins.
Three: Prevention of Obedience to Allah:There can be no greater punishment for committing sins than that it prevents one from the obedience to Allah.
Four: Disobedience weakens
the heart and the body.
Its weakening the heart is something which is clear. Disobedience does not stop weakening it until the life of the heart ceases completely.
Five: Disobedience reduces the life span and destroys any blessings. Just as righteousness increases the life span, sinning reduces it.
Six: Disobedience sows its own seeds and gives birth to itself until separating from it and coming out of it becomes difficult for the servant.
Seven: Sins weaken the hearts will and resolve so that the desire for disobedience becomes strong and the desire to repent becomes weak bit by bit until the desire to repent is removed from the heart completely.
Eight: Every type of disobedience is a legacy of a nation from among the nations which Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, destroyed. Sodomy is a legacy of the People of Lot. Taking more than one’s due right and giving what is less is a legacy of the People of Shu’ayb. Seeking greatness in the land and causing corruption is a legacy of the People of Pharaoh. Pride and arrogance and tyranny is a legacy of the People of Hud. So the disobedient one is wearing the gown of some of these nations who were the enemies of Allah.
Nine: Disobedience is a cause of the servant being held in contempt by his Lord. Al-Hasan Al-Basri (radiyallahu ‘anhu) said: They became contemptible in (His sight) so they disobeyed Him. If they were honorable (in His sight) He would have protected them. Allah the Exalted said: And whomsoever Allah lowers (humiliates) there is none to give honour. [Al-Hajj 22:18)
Ten: The ill-effects of the sinner fall upon those besides him and also on the animals as a result of which they are affected by harm.
Eleven: The servant continues to commit sins until they become very easy for him and seem insignificant in his heart and this is a sign of destruction. Every time a sin becomes insignificant in the sight of the servant it becomes great in the sight of Allah. Ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anhu) said: Indeed, the believer sees his sins as if he was standing at the foot of a mountain fearing that it will fall upon him and the sinner sees his sins like a fly which passes by his nose so he tries to remove it by waving his hand around. [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
Twelve: Disobedience inherits humiliation and lowliness. Honour, all of it, lies in the obedience of Allah. Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak said: I have seen sins kill the hearts and people’s humiliation is inherited by continuous sinning. The abandonment of sins gives life to the hearts.
Thirteen: Disobedience corrupts the intellect. The intellect has light and disobedience extinguishes this light. When the light of the intellect is extinguished it becomes weak and deficient.
Fourteen: When disobedience increases, the servant’s heart becomes sealed so that he becomes of those who are heedless. Allah says: But no! A stain has been left on their hearts on account of what they used to earn (i.e. their actions) [Al-Mutaffifeen 83:141]
Fifteen: Sins cause the various types of corruption to occur in the land. Corruption of the waters, the air, the plants, the fruits and the dwelling places. Allah says: Mischief has appeared on the land and the sea on account of what the hands of men have earned; that He may give them a taste of some of (the actions) they have done, in order that they may return. [Ar-Rum 30:41]
Sixteen: The disappearance of modesty, which is the essence of the life of the heart and is the basis of every good. Its disappearance is the disappearance of all that is good. It is authentic from the Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that he said: Modesty is goodness, all of it. [Sahih of Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Seventeen: Sins weaken and reduce the remembrance and glorification of Almighty Allah in the heart of the servant.
Eighteen: Sins are the cause of Allah forgetting His servant, abandoning him and leaving him to fend for himself with his soul and his shaytaan; and in this is the destruction from which no deliverance can be hoped for.
Nineteen: Sins remove the servant from the realm of Ihsaan (doing good) and he is prevented from obtaining the reward of those who do good. When Ihsaan fills the heart it prevents it from disobedience.
Twenty: Disobedience causes the favours of Allah to cease and
justify His retribution. No blessing ceases to reach a servant except due to a
sin and no retribution is made deserving upon him except due to a sin. Ali
(radiyallahu anhu) said: No trial has descended except due to a sin and it
(the trial) is not repelled except by repentance. Allah says: Whatever misfortune afflicts you then it is due to what your hands have earned and (yet) He pardons many. [Ash-Shura 42:30]. And Allah says: That is because never will Allah change the favour He has bestowed on a people until they change what is within themselves. [Anfaal 8:53]. May Allah have mercy upon us and help us to abandon the sins that are the cause of our problems. Ameen!
UNITY OF MUSLIMS
In an effort to establish our Deen with sincerity, knowledge and merit, one of our main objectives must be to unite amongst ourselves. However, before we unite as believers under the banner of Islam, it is imperative that we first comprehend the meaning of being a Muslim, according to Allah and His Messenger Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Let us examine some significant aspects of what it truly means to be a Muslim.
As Muslims, we should appreciate the bounties and blessings of Allah, specifically for the grandest favour of Allah in making us Muslims. We should never take it for granted or feel proud to the extent that we feel we are doing a favour or service to our Lord, through our beliefs and worships. On the contrary it is Allah’s favour upon us that we are honoured and fortunate enough to be His sincere servants. Almighty Allah says: They regard as favour upon you (O Prophet) that they have embraced Islam. Say: "Count not your Islam as a favour upon me. Nay, but Allah has conferred a favour upon you, that He has guided you to Imaan (Faith), if you indeed are true. (Surah Al-Hujuraat 49 : Verse 17).
An important lesson to be derived from this verse of the Noble Quran is that we should remain constantly grateful to Allah for this most gracious bounty of being Muslims. Islam is an active choice on the part of every Muslim and Muslimah, not a passive process out of birthright. Allah establishes the superiority of an observant Muslim by saying: And who is better in speech than he who (says: "My Lord is Allah” by believing in His Oneness - and then stands straight by acting upon His Commands - and) invites people to Allah (i.e. His Oneness), and does righteous deeds, and says: "I am one of the Muslims." (Surah Fussilat 41 : Verse 33).
As proud as a Muslim is, in moments of weakness and periods of despair, when facing trial and tribulation, one should remain proud and superior in Imaan (Faith), with unwavering trust and dependence upon our Sustainer and Creator. Concerning this Allah says: So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are indeed believers. (Surah Ale Imraan 3 : Verse 139).
Moreover, the disbelievers (kuffaar) will always strive to convince you about the superiority of their ways by foolishly trying to extinguish the Light of Allah. Allah says: They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allah's Light (with which Muhammad has been sent - Islamic Monotheism) with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the disbelievers (Kaafiroon) hate (it). It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad – Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikoon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) hate (it). (Surah Al-Tawbah 9 : Verse 32-33).
From all that preceded thus far, we have discussed some of the external elements of corruption facing the Muslims. Let us now look at the internal forces of evil and corruption amidst the ranks of the Muslims represented by the group of Munafiqoon (the hypocrites). Regarding this matter, Allah says: Give to the hypocrites the tidings that there is for them a painful torment; those who take disbelievers for Awliyaa (protectors, helpers or friends) instead of believers. Do they seek honour, power and glory with them? Verily, then to Allah belongs all honour, power and glory. And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Noble Quran) that when you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell. (Surah Ale Imraan 3 : Verse 138-139).
As for the Muslims, Allah says: Truly, Allah defends those who believe. Verily! Allah likes not any treacherous ingrate to Allah (those who disobey Allah but obey Satan). (Surah Al-Hajj 22 : Verse 38).
Allah will make this religion victorious and triumphant by any means He sees fit, to the extent that He may support Islam even with the help of corrupt and treacherous people. The Messenger of Allah ordered Bilal to announce among the people: "None will enter Jannah except a Muslim, and Allah may support this religion of Islam even with an evil wicked individual." (The Sahih of Bukhari & Muslim).
As Muslims it is absolutely imperative that we unite together in goodness for the sake of establishing the true religion of Allah. However, this will never happen unless we learn to support one another in our good works, causes and efforts. Concerning the unity of Muslims, Allah says: The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma'roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they establish Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah) and give the Zakaah, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Tawbah 9 : Verse 71).
And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Noble Quran), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allah's Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islamic Faith); and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allah makes His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, so that you may be guided. (Surah Ale Imraan 3 : Verse 103).
The current disunity of Muslims is the result of our failure to comply fully with the Commands of Allah and His Messenger. We often witness the success of other communities while Muslims lag behind in fragmentation. The secret to their success is simple – UNITY. Other communities support their own people, contribute to their own causes and help in whatever way possible to advance themselves further as one big community. Muslims should heed such lessons and act according to the Shari’ah by helping other Muslims with wherever they can, supporting them in their efforts, contributing to their causes and helping Muslims in whatever little way possible and affordable.
May Allah guide us all in contributing towards the unity of the Muslim Ummah on truth and with sincerity.
Requesting your humble du'aas!
I request your humble du'aas.
Abdul Haq Abdul Kadir
Umhlanga Rocks, KZN