Issue No 28
I have chosen
to write on this subject due to numerous queries from friends and relatives as regards
the correct Islamic view on Qurbaani. The reason being that our innocent youth
are confused with the fitnah of the Anti-Hadith modernists in this age. I will
try my best to present to you some very basic facts that will, insha Allah,
eliminate the confusion that reigns in the minds of our Muslim youths today.
Although Qurbaani had been ordained an ibaadah from the time of Adam (alayhis
salaam), special importance was attached to it only after an incident which
took place with Ibraahim (alayhis salaam), and consequently it was made
waajib (compulsory) in the Shari'ah of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam) in memory of this great incident. This was a unique incident in
world history and of great spiritual value, which the Qur'an mentions in Surah
Saffaat (Chapter 37):
AND WHEN HE (Ibraahim’s son) WAS OLD ENOUGH TO WALK WITH HIM, (Ibraahim)
SAID: 'O MY DEAR SON, I HAVE SEEN IN A DREAM THAT I AM SLAUGHTERING YOU. NOW
SEE WHAT IS YOUR VIEW?' (37:102)
The dreams of the prophets are regarded as revelations; thus the
observance of slaughtering in a dream is just like receiving the command to
slaughter. Ibraahim (alayhis salaam), therefore asked, "Are you ready to
fulfil this command of Allah?" The son replied, "O my father, do that
which you are commanded. If Allah wills, you will find me to be among those who
are patient." (37: 102).
This was a great trial for Ibraahim (alayhis salaam). He is commanded to
slaughter his only child. A child, who was blessed to him by Allah in his old
age after making numerous supplications and now reaching the stage where he
could assist his old father in his duties and mission. Similarly, it was a
great trial for the son too. To obey the command and give away his life was not
a trivial or simple thing. However, the son too showed fine qualities to his
father by submitting and not relying on his own intentions, determination and
courage. Entrusting himself to Allah he said, "If Allah wills."
Further, he did not say, "I will have patience," but said, ''you
will find me to be among those who are patient", which is a sign of
humility that indicates that he does not claim the quality of patience for
Through the blessings of entrusting themselves to Allah and their
humility, they did not falter during the stages of the difficult path. The sole
bread winning father and his obedient son left home for Mina to carry out the
command of Allah. When they finally reached Mina, the father turned the face of
his son and placed the knife on his throat and used his full strength to fulfil
the order and decree of sacrifice, but the power of Allah intervened to stop
the function of the knife and a call from the heavens turned the events of this
whole scene, as mentioned in the Qur’an:
Then when they had both surrendered (to Allah) and he had flung him down
on his face, we called unto him: 'O Ibraahim! You have already fulfilled the
vision. Verily! thus indeed do we reward the good. Surely indeed this was a
clear test.' And we ransomed him with a tremendous sacrifice. (37: 103-107).
And with it a ram was sent down from the Heaven as a ransom for Ismail
(alayhis salaam), so that it may be slaughtered in his place. Allah accepted
this sincere act and deed of his messenger Ibraahim (alayhis salaam) - so much
so that to keep this act of sacrifice is alive as a rite of remembrance till
the Day of Judgement.
But an Anti-Hadith modernist "scholar" says: ‘It is quite
evident that on the subject of Hazrath Khaleel-e-Akbar and Hazrath Ismail
(alayhimas salaam), there is no mention anywhere in the Qur’an that we should
continue to make Qurbaani every year in memory of that great incident.
Furthermore, the incident of the ram being sacrificed in place of Hazrath
Ismail (AS) is also not in the Qur’an but appears in the Torah.’ (Parwez:
Qur’ani Faisley: P54).
But Allah, the Exalted, says:
AND WE RANSOMED HIM WITH A GREAT SACRIFICE. AND LEFT HIM THUS TO BE
REMEMBERED AMONG LATER GENERATIONS. (Surah As-Saffaat: 107-108).
The Arabic word used in this ayah for ransom is Wafadaynahu.
According to Mufradaat of the famous Arabic lexicon Imam Raghib, Al-Fidyu
means to give something on behalf of someone and save him from some problem or
calamity. If the word "ram" is not explicitly mentioned in the Quran
but contained in the Torah does NOT have any effect on the truthfulness
of this great incident of sacrifice (dhib-hun azeem – as Allah calls it
in the verse quoted above).
The Anti-Hadith modernist also says: ‘Besides the Qurbaani made in
Mina during the Hajj, there is no command of making Qurbaani in other
localities in an individual capacity. Historical records prove that our
beloved Prophet did NOT make Qurbaani in Madinah Munawwarah. When he went for
Hajj, he made Qurbaani there in Mina. At other times, the Prophet used to send
the animals with the Amir-e-Hujjaaj for sacrificing the animals there.
Therefore, the ritual of making Qurbaani in other localities in one’s
individual capacity is a custom and has nothing to do with Islam’. (Parwez:
Qur’ani Faisley: P52).
Now let us examine this Anti-Hadith modernist’s statements carefully. Note:
By historical records, he means all books of Tareekh (history) and
he categorises the Hadith also as mere historical records.
1. The Arabic words used for the Hajj sacrifice and the
individually performed sacrifice in one’s own locality are
different. The Arabic word used for the Hajj Sacrifice is ‘HAD-YU’ and
the local sacrifice in an individual capacity is called ‘Udhhiyyah –
plural Adhaahiyy. If we look at all the books of Ahadeeth, we see that
the Muhadditheen have compiled a specific separate book for Qurbaani known as ‘Kitaab-ul-Adhaahiyy’
(The Book of Sacrifice). From this, it is quite clear that it is necessary for
each individual who have the means to make Qurbaani (Udhhiyyah) in his own
locality. The Sahabas asked our beloved Prophet: ‘What are these sacrifices
(Adhaahiyy)? Then he said: ‘This is the sunnah of your father Ibraahim’
(Ibn Maajah as quoted in Mishkaah). And this is the real meaning of the verse
wherein Allah says:
AND WE LEFT HIM THUS TO BE REMEMBERED AMONG LATER GENERATIONS.
Mr. Parwez’s statement that ‘historical records prove that our
beloved Prophet did NOT make Qurbaani in Madinah Munawwarah’ as quoted above is
a great lie that he has attributed to our beloved Prophet. The books of
Ahadeeth are full of AUTHENTIC narrations that the Prophet did make Qurbaani is
Madinah Munawwarah. I will quote just TWO from the compilation of Imam Bukhari,
Hadith No 1: Narrated Anas (RA): The Prophet
slaughtered two rams, black and white in colour (as sacrifices), and I saw him
putting his foot on their sides and mentioning Allah's Name and Takbir, and
then he slaughtered them with his own hands. (Volume 7, Book 68, Number
Hadith No 2: The Prophet said (on the day of
Eid-ul-Adha), ‘The first thing we will do on this day of ours, is to offer the
(Eid) prayer and then return to slaughter the sacrifice. Whoever does so, he
acted according to our Sunnah (tradition)’. (Volume 7, Book 68, Number 453).
From the above Ahadeeth, the following facts emerge:
1. Since these appear in Kitaab-ul-Adhaahiyy, they refer to the local
Qurbaani made in Madinah, not during the Hajj.
2. To make Qurbaani of more than one halaal animal is also the sunnah of
3. This Qurbaani was made every year by the Prophet.
Contrary to what the Anti-Hadith modernist claims, the Arabic word
Qurban (Qurbaani in Urdu) is also found in the Holy Qur’an and is used in various
chapters. For example, Allah says:
AND RECITE UNTO THEM THE STORY OF THE TWO SONS OF ADAM (Habil &
Qabil) IN TRUTH; WHEN EACH OF THEM OFFERED A SACRIFICE (QURBANAN), IT
WAS ACCEPTED FROM THE ONE (Habil) BUT NOT FROM THE OTHER (Qabil). (Qabil) SAID:
‘I WILL SURELY KILL YOU’. (Habil) SAID: ‘BEHOLD, ALLAH ACCEPTS ONLY FROM THOSE
WHO ARE PIOUS’. (Surah Al-Ma’idah: 27).
From this ayah, the following facts emerge:
1. The word Qurban (Qurbaani) is used in the Holy Qur’an for the same
act of worship of sacrificing an animal for Allah as we have them today, and
this started from the time of Prophet Adam (Alayhis Salaam).
2. This sacrifice had nothing to do with the Hajj sacrifice.
In another verse, Allah says:
THOSE (JEWS) WHO MAINTAIN: ‘BEHOLD, ALLAH HAS BIDDEN US NOT TO BELIEVE
IN ANY MESSENGER UNLESS HE BRINGS TO US A SACRIFICE WHICH THE FIRE (from
heaven) SHALL DEVOUR’. SAY (O Prophet!): ‘VERILY THERE CAME TO YOU MESSENGERS
BEFORE ME WITH CLEAR SIGNS, AND EVEN THAT OF WHICH YOU SPEAK, WHY THEN DID YOU
KILL THEM, IF YOU ARE TRUTHFUL?’. (Surah Ali-Imraan: 183).
From this ayah, the following facts emerge:
1. Before Islam, the ummah of previous Prophets also practised the
ritual of sacrifice (Qurbaani).
2. The command of Qurbaani was from Allah and the previous Prophets had
also practised it.
3. The sign of acceptance of that Qurbaani was that the fire used to
come from the heaven and devour the sacrificial meat.
4. This act of Qurbaani was so well known amongst the ummah of previous
Prophets that they used it as a sign of truthfulness from the Prophets in their
It must be noted that the Qurbaani meat in the ummah of previous
prophets were not allowed to be eaten. This priviledge was given only to the
Ummah of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) where the Qurbaani meat
can be eaten and distributed to others for eating as well. How then can this be
regarded as "waste of money", as claimed by our Anti-Hadith
Finally, I would like to quote one verse of the Holy Qur’an wherein
AND THUS FOR EVERY UMMAH WE HAVE APPOINTED SACRIFICES AS AN ACT OF
WORSHIP THAT THEY MAY MENTION THE NAME OF ALLAH OVER THE CATTLE THAT HE HAS
PROVIDED FOR THEM. (Surah Al-Hajj: 34).
This verse proves that all halaal animals are allowed for sacrifice and
not only camels, as claimed by Ghulam Ahmed Parwez in his commentary of the
Qur’an under Surah Al-Kawthar. It also proves that Qurbaani was Waajib on
communities of previous prophets as well.
Let us not be misled by the fitnah of such modernists. Let us make our
Qurbaani with great zeal and sincerity. May Allah accept from us all our deeds
which must be done sincerely to please none other than Allah, Our Creator and
MASNOON METHOD OF QURBAANI
It is more rewarding to slaughter the animal with one's own hands. If
one does not know how to slaughter, it is preferred that he remain present
while someone else is sacrificing the animal. It is not necessary to make the
niyyah (intention) of Qurbaani with the tongue, however it is necessary to say
Bismillahi Allahu Akbar when slaughtering.
1. When the animal is laid down facing the qiblah, it is Sunnah to
Verily! I have turned my face towards Him Who created the heavens and
the earth, as one by nature upright, and I am not of the idolaters.
Verily! my Salaah and Sacrifice, and my living and my dying are for
Allah, Lord of the worlds. He has no partner. This I am commanded and I am
first of those who Surrender (unto him ).
O Allah! (This Sacrifice) is from You and for You.
2. Then saying Bismillahi Allahu Akbar cut the throat of the animal. The
gullet, windpipe and the two jugular veins should be cut. Cutting any three of
the four will also suffice. If only two are cut, the animal will not be lawful
3. After slaughtering the animal, read the following du'aa if possible:
O Allah! accept (this Sacrifice) from me in the same manner as You have
accepted from Your beloved Muhammad and Your friend Ibraahim. Peace and
blessings be upon them.
I request your humble du'aas.
Abdul Haq Abdul Kadir
Umhlanga Rocks, KZN