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Quarterly: Issue No 103

Rajab 1443 – February 2022

 

QUR’AN IS THE SPEECH OF ALLAH

 

All Praise is due to Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) and peace and blessing of Allah be upon his beloved Messenger Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).

 

From amongst the Speech of Allah, is the Glorious Qur’an. It is the plain Book of Allah and His Firm Rope. It is His straight path and the revelation of the Lord of the universe. The most honourable Spirit (Jibreel AS) brought it to the heart of the most honourable of messengers (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), in a clear Arabic language. It was revealed and not created. From Him it began and to Him it will return. Al-Quran Al-Majeed is the Speech of Allah and is a miracle in such a way that others are incapable of producing such a discourse. Qur’an introduces itself to be such a miracle and by way of a challenge, when Allah SWT says:

“And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant (Muhammad), then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah if you should be truthful.” 

(Surah Al-Baqarah 2:23)

“Say: If men and jinn should combine together to bring the like of this Qur’an, they could not bring the like of it, even if they were assistants to each other.” (Surah Al-Israa 17:88)

Allah will punish those disbelievers who say Qur’an is the word of human being:

“Then he turned back and was arrogant. And said, ‘This is not but magic imitated (from others). This is not but the word of a human being. I will drive him into Saqar (Hell)”. [Surah Al-Muddaththir 74:23-26]

 

This fact of being a miracle is supported by several logical evidence including the following:

-         the polytheists failed to produce a single verse, let alone a single chapter, or a whole book like the Quran even though they were utterly determined and extremely motivated to oppose and falsify the call of the Prophet Muhammad”, peace and blessing of Allah be upon him.

-         the polytheists were masters of the Arabic language, in which the Quran was revealed. So, they realized well that the Quran is the Speech of Allah, not of human beings.

-         the Quran foretold many matters of the unseen and made several prophecies that were all fulfilled exactly as they were foretold. For example, the Persians defeated the Byzantines in one of their battles and the Quran recorded this defeat foretelling that the Byzantines would defeat the Persians within three to nine years, and this is what exactly happened. After about fourteen centuries, modern science confirmed this scientific fact.

-         When one recites the Book of Allah, he goes into a state of peace and tranquillity, unlike the human speeches or writings.

-         The Quran is also a cure, and it expels the devils when it is recited and contemplated.

 

The Quran is the Speech of Allah, and it has been challenging mankind and proving its inability to produce something to its effect as to its eloquence, wise judgments, and authentic news. The challenge is still valid, and the inability of mankind to face that challenge remains. Thus, the Quran will remain the everlasting Argument of Allah SWT against all its opponents and disbelievers.

 

CONTEMPLATION

 

Fudayl Ibn Iyaad (Rahimahullah) said: “Contemplation is a mirror that will show you clearly your good deeds and your bad deeds”. 

Sufyan ibn Uyaynah (Rahimahullah) said: "When a person contemplates and thinks frequently then he will find a lesson in every single thing." 

Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (Rahimahullah) said: "Everything in this world reminds a person of the hereafter."  Then he mentioned the changing of seasons, the falling of the leaves and these sorts of things. A person can find - in everything that they come across in this world - something that will remind them of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta'ala and of the Hereafter.  (Lata’if Al-Ma’arif)

 

BEWARE OF THE TRICKS OF SHAITAAN

 

Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an that Shaytaan (the cursed) said: 'Since You have led me astray, I shall surely sit in ambush for them on Your Straight Path.  Then I will come upon them from the front and from the rear, and from their right and from their left. And You will not find most of them thankful.

(Surah Al-A’raaf 7:16-17)

Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA) said concerning the Ayah, “then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left”, “He did not say that he will come from above them, because Allah’s Mercy descends from above.” Ali bin Abi Talhah (RA) reported that Ibn Abbas (RA) said: “and You will not find most of them to be thankful.”, “means, those who single Allah out in worship.” When Shaytaan said this, it was a guess and an assumption on his part. Yet, the truth turned out to be the same, for Allah SWT said: And indeed Iblis (Shaytaan) did prove true his thought about them, and they followed him, all except a group of true believers. And he had no authority over them, except (it was decreed) that We might test him who believes in the Hereafter, from him who is in doubt about it. And your Lord is Watchful over everything.” (Surah Saba 34:20-21)

Therefore, there is a Hadith that encourages seeking refuge with Allah from the traps of Shaytaan from all directions. Imam Ahmad (ra) narrated that Abdullah bin Umar (RA) said: “The Messenger of Allah used to often recite this supplication in the morning and when the night falls: O Allah! I ask You for well-being (Aafiyah) in this life and the Hereafter. O Allah! I ask You for pardon and well-being in my religion, life, family, and wealth. O Allah! Cover my errors and comfort me in times of difficulty. O Allah! Protect me from before me, from behind me, from my right, from my left and from above me. I seek refuge with Your Greatness from being killed from below me i.e., earthquakes.” (Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i)

 

What is meant here is that Shaytaan would make use of the respite granted to him until the Day of Qiyamah, and he would do so to prove that man did not deserve a position superior to him, and this had after all been bestowed upon him by Allah. So doing, he would expose how ungrateful, thankless, and disloyal a creature man is.  The respite asked for by Shaytaan and granted to him by Allah includes not only the time but also the opportunity to mislead Mankind and to prove his point by appealing to their weaknesses. Allah SWT makes a clear statement about this in the Qur’an:

And (mention) when We said to the angles, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except for Iblees (Shaytaan). He said, "Should I prostrate to one You created from clay?" (Iblees) said, "Do You see this one whom You have honoured above me?  If You delay me until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely destroy his descendants, except for a few." (Allah SWT) said, "Go, for whoever of them follows you, indeed Hell will be the recompense of you all - an ample recompense. And incite (to senselessness) whoever you can among them with your voice and assault them with your horses and foot soldiers and become a partner in their wealth and their children and promise them." But Shaytaan does not promise them except delusion. Indeed, there is for you no authority over My (believing) servants. And sufficient is your Lord as Disposer of affairs.  (Surah Banu Israa'il 17: 61-5)

 

These verses make it clear that Allah had granted Shaytaan the opportunity to try to mislead Adam and his offspring.  At the same time, it has also been made quite clear that Shaytaan was not granted the power to lead men into error against their will. 'As for my servants', Allah SWT says the Qur'an, 'you shall have no power over them' (Surah Banu Israa'il 17: 65). Thus, all that Shaytaan can do is to cause misunderstanding, to make people cherish false illusions, to make evil and error seem attractive, and to invite people to evil ways by holding out to them the promise of immense pleasure and material benefits. He would have no power, however, to forcibly pull them to the Satanic way and to prevent them from following the Right Way.  Accordingly, the Qur'an makes it quite clear in another verse that on the Day of Judgement, Shaytaan would address them who had followed him in the following words:

‘But I had no authority over you except that I invited you, and you responded to me. So do not blame me; but blame yourselves. ' (Surah Ibrahim 14: 22).


As for Shaytaan's allegation that Allah Himself caused him to fall into error see (Surah Al-A’raaf 7:16-17) it is an attempt on the part of Shaytaan to transfer the blame which falls squarely on him to Allah. Shaytaan's grievance seems to be that Allah was responsible for his deviation insofar as He hurt Shaytaan's pride by asking him to prostrate before Adam, and that it was this which led him to disobey Allah. It is thus clear that Shaytaan wanted to continue enjoying his vain arrogance and that he was incensed that his weakness - arrogance - was seen through and brought to full light. The underlying stupidity of the statement is too clearly obvious to call for any refutation, and hence Allah took no notice of it.  
May Allah save us from the traps of Shaytaan.  Ameen.

 

O Allah! Your Forgiveness is far greater than my sins and I have more hope in Your Mercy than in my own deeds.

 

Requesting your duas!

Abdul Haq Abdul Kadir, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa