DUROOD AND SALAAM

 

All praise is due to Allah the Most High. Peace and blessings of Allah be upon His beloved messenger Muhammad, his family and all his companions. Ameen.

 

Allah the Most High says in connection with Durood and Salaam on Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam):

 

VERSE NO 1

 

VERILY ALLAH AND HIS ANGELS SEND SALAAH (BLESSINGS) ON THE PROPHET; O YOU WHO HAVE IMAAN!  (YOU TOO) CALL FOR (ALLAH'S) SALAAH (BLESSINGS) ON HIM AND SEND SALAAM TO HIM WITH ALL RESPECT.   (Surah Al-Ahzaab: Chapter 33: Verse 56)

 

There are many commands in the Glorious Qur’an. There are also numerous references in the Qur’an relating to many Prophets (alaihimus salaam), honouring them greatly. However, there are no other command in the Holy Qur’an, besides the one quoted above, wherein Allah states that He Himself performs an act in which the believers must follow suit. This honour is reserved for the most virtuous of Allah's creation, the pride of the children of Adam (Alayhis Salaam), none other than Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). In the above-mentioned verse of the Qur’an, we note the following:

 

1) Allah the Most High mentions 'salaah' on Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) as coming from Himself.

2) Then 'salaah' on Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) as coming from the angels.

3) Then Allah the Most High commands the believers to send 'salaah' on Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).

 

We hereby note that the word 'salaah' is used in connection with Allah, the angels and the believers. According to the majority of the Qur’an Commentators, the most suitable meaning of the word 'salaah' in VERSE NO 1 above is 'praise and honour together with mercy and loving kindness' for Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). The type and kind of praise and honour depends upon the person from whom it comes. In other words, Allah the Most High honours Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) with loving kindness and affection. The angels also send 'salaah' but with a different kind of affection according to their own rank and position. Then the believers are ordered to send 'salaah' on him according to their own rank and position.

 

HADITH NO 1

 

Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laylaa (radiyallahu anhu) reports:  "Once Ka'b bin Ujrah (radiyallahu anhu) met me and said: 'Shall I not give you a present which I had heard from the Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)' I replied: 'Yes indeed, give it to me'. Then he said: 'Once we asked Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), O Messenger of Allah! How should we recite 'salaah' upon you? Surely Allah has already taught us how to give salaam to you', Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) replied: 'Say (the Durood­-e-Ibraheem i.e.) O Allah! Send 'salaah' to Muhammad and his family as Thou hath sent to Ibraheem and his family. Verily Thou art Praised, Glorious. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his family as Thou hath blessed Ibraheem and his family. Verily Thou art Praised, Glorious'."  (Bukhari: Vol. 4: Hadith No. 589)

 

This is such a famous Hadith that it has been reported in the many different books of Ahaadith with different chain of narrators. This in itself proves the authenticity of the above Hadith.

 

Note:     The saying of the Sahabas (radiyallahu ahnum): 'Surely Allah has already taught us how to give salaam to you' in the above Hadith refers to the 'tahiyyah' or 'tashahhud' in our daily salaah wherein we say 'Assalaamu alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu warahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu'.

 

Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) advises his Sahabas to send their 'salaah' (durood) by asking Allah the Most High to send upon him His choicest blessings and mercy. Although we beg Allah to bestow such blessings and mercy, this is nevertheless attributed to ourselves as if we have sent the blessings and mercy on the Prophet. This is the Grace of Allah the Most High. Are we humble servants by any means ever able to place before the Great Prophet any such blessings worthy of his high rank?

 

Imam Fakhruddin Ar-Razi (rahmatullahi alayhi) in his famous commentary Tafseer-e-Kabeer mentions that a question often asked is:  When Allah and His angels are already sending 'salaah' on the Prophet, what is the need for us to do the same?  The answer is:  the demand on us to send 'salaah' (durood) on the Prophet is not because Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is in any way in need of our 'salaah' (durood). We are commanded by Allah the Most High to send our Durood to express Rasoolullah's greatness and excellence.

 

QUESTION: Why are we commanded by Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) to include Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) and his family in our Durood?

ANSWER. The Ulama and Mufassiroon have given various reasons for including Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) in our Durood, some of which are as follows:

 

1. There is a very great connection of Hazrath Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) with our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is from the descendents of Ibraheem (alaihis salaam). The Shari'ah of Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) has many similarities with the 'millah' of Ibraheem (alaihis salaam).

 

2. On the auspicious night of Mi'raj, Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) told Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam):

'Convey my salaams to your ummah.' This is another reason why this ummah is asked to include Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) in their Durood.

 

3. After the completion of the building of the Ka'bah, Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) made the following du'a:

'0 our Lord! Raise up from the midst of our offspring a messenger...' (AI-Baqarah: 129). Allah the Most High accepted this du'a of Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) as Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is reported in many Ahaadith to have said:  'I am the du'a of Ibraheem.’ It is therefore our duty to include Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) in our Durood.

 

4. When Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) and Ismail (alaihis salaam) completed the building of the Ka’bah, the whole family of Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) made du'a for the ummah of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) said: 'O Allah! Whoever from the ummah of the Last Prophet face towards this house and read two raka’aat salaah, accept my shafa'ah (intercession) for that person'. On hearing this Ismail, lshaaq, Haajirah and Saarah (alaihimus salaam) altogether said 'Ameen'.  The ummah is therefore commanded to include Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) and his family in their Durood in return for their gift in the form of their du'as. This is, in itself, an indication that the du'as of Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) and his family were accepted by Allah. If their du'as had not been accepted, we would not have been commanded to continuously remember them in our Durood.

 

5. Hazrath Ibraheem (alaihis salaam) made du'a to Allah for himself in the following words:  'And grant me honourable remembrance on the tongue of truth among the latest (generations).' (Ash-Shu’araa: Chapter 26: Verse 84).  His du'a was accepted and his remembrance has been perpetuated in our Durood up to the Day of Qiyaamah.

 

MERITS OF RECITING THE DUROOD

 

lbn Mas'ood (RA) reports that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: 'Verily Allah has certain angels wandering all over the earth in order to convey to me the salaah (durood) of my ummah.’   (Nisai, Ibn Hibbaan, Ahmad, Haakim)

lbn Mas'ood (RA) reports that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: 'Verily the nearest of people to me on the Day of Qiyaamah will be those who recites most salaah (durood) on me.’   (Tirmizi, lbn Hibbaan).

Abu Hurairah (RA) reports that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: 'Whosoever recites salaah (durood) on me once, on him shall Allah send blessings ten times.’   (Muslim, Abu Dawood, Ibn Hibbaan)

Abu Dardaa (RA) reports that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: 'Whosoever recites salaah (durood) on me ten times in the morning and ten times in the evening shall receive my intercession (shafa'ah) on the Day of Qiyaamah.’  (Tabraani)

 

O Allah! bestow mercy upon Muhammad, the Nabi; and his wives, the mother of the believers; and upon his offsprings and his household as Thou did bestow mercy upon Ibraheem. Verily Thou art Praised, Glorious. 0 Allah! Shower salaah (blessings) and salaam (peace) forever and ever upon Your beloved Messenger and our beloved Prophet, who is the best of all creations.  Ameen.  Requesting your humble du’as.

 

Abdul Haq Abdul Kadir

Umhlanga Rocks, KZN, South Africa.